Under current law, the federal government guarantees the right to carry guns and ammunition between two locations where people are legally allowed to possess them — so long as the guns are unloaded, locked, and secured.
H.R. 131 would maintain that requirement — mandating that firearms and ammunition traveling across state lines be in a locked container or (in the case of firearms) secured by a gun safety device. However, the real meat of this bill protects gun owners on their travels from arrest or detention if their possession/transportation of a firearm violates a state or local law. Well, they are protected from local laws UNLESS there is a reasonable suspicion to believe that person isn’t complying with federal law.
Violations of H.R. 131 would include transporting a weapon or ammunition with the intention of committing a crime of threat or force punishable by more than one year imprisonment. Also included, is reasonable suspicion that such a crime would be committed in the course of the transportation, or would arise from the transportation.
This bill would also enable an individual to file a civil action suit (including attorney fees) against state and local laws using their compliance with federal law as a defense. This places the burden of proving there was a violation of federal law squarely on the shoulders of the local prosecution.