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house Bill H.R. 114

Should The U.S. Embassy In Israel Be Moved To Jerusalem?

Argument in favor

As a faithful ally, the U.S. should adjust its stance to support Israel and establish the U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem. We have embassies in the capital cities of every country, why not in Israel?

BTSundra's Opinion
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11/19/2015
This is a move that shows we fully support Israel and their causes.
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Gary's Opinion
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10/05/2015
Either move embassy to Jerusalem or move the US capital to Wyoming or Colorado.
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M-Bi's Opinion
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03/01/2016
Jerusalem is the capital of Israel - this means that all embassies should be moved there.
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Argument opposed

Most nations have their embassy in Tel Aviv because Jerusalem is not widely recognized as Israel’s capital. Why spend money to move our embassy to Jerusalem and inevitably stir up controversy?

tea's Opinion
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02/12/2015
This bill does absolutely nothing but waste money and offend the Palestinians. It would also potentially put Americans in Israel in danger, because the controversial new location could invoke attacks on the embassy.
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michaelbrodsky's Opinion
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04/09/2015
The U.S. shouldn't implicitly endorse (or otherwise change stance on) Israel's control of East Jerusalem. It's best to leave this for political negotiation between the P.A. and Israel.
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SouthernGal's Opinion
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03/24/2016
As long as the majority of embassies are in Tel Aviv, that is where we should be.
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What is House Bill H.R. 114?

H.R. 114 mandates that the U.S. Embassy in Israel be relocated from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem by January 1, 2017. 


The bill limits expenditures in the 2015 fiscal year for other “acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad” until the U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem has officially opened. The bill states that necessary funds from the 2015 and 2016 fiscal years, respectively, should be allocated to the construction and establishment of this embassy.


The bill also makes it U.S. policy to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. H.R. 114 requires official U.S. documents that list countries and their capital cities to identify Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. The bill further asserts that every Israeli citizen should have the right to live anywhere in the undivided city.

Impact

U.S. citizens in Israel, U.S. diplomats, Israeli citizens, the Israeli government, Palestinian citizens, Congress, Israeli-U.S. diplomatic relations.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 114

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

Of Note:

The ownership of Jerusalem is a major point of contention between Israelis and Palestinians, and this legislation is pointedly pro-Israel. After the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel annexed Jerusalem and proclaimed the city as Israel’s capital. 


In 1980, the Israeli parliament passed a law that formalized this proclamation. The UN Security Council responded with a resolution (which passed 14 to none, with one abstention) that deemed this law null and void. The international community, including the United States, regards East Jerusalem as occupied territory and rejects Israel’s decision to establish settlements there. No foreign countries have their embassies in Jerusalem.


In Depth:

H.R. 114 would remove the clause in S. 1322, the Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 that grants the President authority to waive the implementation of this law. The Jerusalem Embassy Act was a similar bill that passed in 1995, but every President since the passing of this bill has exercised the authority given in the bill to waive its implementation.


Media:

Sponsoring Rep. Scott Garrett (R-NJ) Press Release

Jewish Telegraphic Agency


(Photo Credit: Flickr user Cycling man)

AKA

Jerusalem Embassy and Recognition Act of 2015

Official Title

To recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, to relocate to Jerusalem the United States Embassy in Israel, and for other purposes.

bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on Foreign Affairs
      Middle East, North Africa, and International Terrorism
    IntroducedJanuary 6th, 2015
    This is a move that shows we fully support Israel and their causes.
    Like (9)
    Follow
    Share
    This bill does absolutely nothing but waste money and offend the Palestinians. It would also potentially put Americans in Israel in danger, because the controversial new location could invoke attacks on the embassy.
    Like (11)
    Follow
    Share
    Either move embassy to Jerusalem or move the US capital to Wyoming or Colorado.
    Like (8)
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    Share
    Jerusalem is the capital of Israel - this means that all embassies should be moved there.
    Like (5)
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    The Secretary of State should willingly consent only if there isn't any present or future danger in such a move... for the American Embassy is a guests in Israel.
    Like (4)
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    Israel officially declared Jerusalem as its nation's capital in 1949 (66 years ago), yet we still play politics with our embassy's location within the country. Whether other countries recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital is besides the point. What's important is that Israel recognizes Jerusalem as its capital, so why not treat it as so?
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    I'm all for standing by our ally, Israel, and formally recognizing Jerusalem as their capital city. I DON'T, however, care that our embassy is located in Tel Aviv, and it would seem foolish to me to move our embassy, while all the other ones are located in Tel Aviv! WHAT I CARE PASSIONATELY ABOUT IS THIS STATEMENT IN THE BILL SUMMARY: "The bill states that necessary funds from the 2015 and 2016 fiscal years, respectively, should be allocated to the construction and establishment of this embassy." IT HONESTLY MAKES NO SENSE TO ME TO SPEND A LOT OF MONEY TO CONSTRUCT AND ESTABLISH A NEW EMBASSY, WHEN OUR NATION IS $20 TRILLION DOLLARS IN DEBT! IF THERE ARE FUNDS LEFT OVER FROM THE 2015 AND 2016 FISCAL YEARS, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD USE THAT MONEY TO REPLACE THE SOCIAL SECURITY FUNDS THEY STOLE TO SPEND ON SOMETHING ELSE, OR THE MONEY SHOULD GO TOWARDS PAYING DOWN THE NATIONAL DEBT! I'm fine with the rest of the bill, though!
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    As long as the majority of embassies are in Tel Aviv, that is where we should be.
    Like (2)
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    The U.S. shouldn't implicitly endorse (or otherwise change stance on) Israel's control of East Jerusalem. It's best to leave this for political negotiation between the P.A. and Israel.
    Like (2)
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    While the U.S. wholeheartedly supports Israel, this move is provocative and unnecessary. We have a demonstrably large stick (economically as well as militarily), so we don't need to yell.
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    We shouldn't even be occupied in these countries.
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    Stop wasting time and money
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    It's a waste of money. We need s new school if it's burning a hole in your pocket.
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    I think it should be moved, but not during a debt disaster.
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    If every other country has their embassy in Tel Aviv and we don't we are sending a bad message to the others.
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    If I lived in Israel, I would give a crap. I live in the U.S. and I am fine with our capital being where it is.
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    Israel ALREADY has an American Embassy. Moving it to Jerusalem would waste tax $$$$ and put it in the middle of a higher risk location for a terror attack.
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    With $18-trillion debt, we cannot afford embassies, so how are we to afford relocating one? What is the return on investment from moving it? Our government MUST stop finding new ways to spend OUR MONEY.
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    Jerusalem is the true capital of Israel and our embassy should be there.
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    Costs too much
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