Should the GAO Study the Contributions of Minor League Baseball to American Life to Deter Proposed Cuts of Minor League Clubs by Major League Baseball? (H.R. 6020)
Do you support or oppose this bill?
What is H.R. 6020?
(Updated May 22, 2020)
This bill would require the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to evaluate the social, economic, and historic contributions that Minor League Baseball has made to American life and culture after consulting with relevant congressional communities. It was introduced in response to a proposal by Major League Baseball to end its franchises’ affiliation with 42 Minor League Baseball (MiLB) clubs that this bill contends would “devastate” the communities that are home to affected clubs.
This bill includes several findings, including that:
More than 40 million fans have attended Minor League Baseball games each season for 15 consecutive years;
Minor League Baseball provides wholesome affordable entertainment in 160 communities across the country and foster diversity & inclusion through a variety of initiatives;
The economic stimulus & development provided by Minor League Baseball extends beyond the cities and towns where it is played to wide & diverse geographic areas comprising 80% of the U.S. population;
MiLB clubs donated over $45 million to their local communities & completed over 15,000 volunteer hours in 2018;
Minor League Baseball is the first touchpoint of the national pastime for millions of youth and the only touchpoint for those located in communities far from Major League cities;
Congress has enacted numerous statutory exemptions & immunities to preserve & sustain a system for Minor League Baseball & its relationship with Major League Baseball.
An abandonment of 42 MiLB clubs by Major League Baseball would devastate communities, bond purchasers, and other stakeholders that rely on the economic stimulus provided by these clubs;
Minor League Baseball clubs enrich the lives of millions of Americans each year through special economic, social, cultural, and charitable contributions; and
Preservation of Minor League Baseball in 160 communities is in the public interest, as it will continue to provide affordable, family friendly entertainment to those communities.
Argument in favor
Minor League Baseball provides affordable family fun in 160 communities across the U.S. and is the first & only touchpoint to America’s pastime for millions of youth. Given the lengths Congress has gone to support Major League Baseball over the years, it has the right to weigh in on a short-sighted proposal by Major League Baseball to end its partnership with 42 Minor League clubs across the country.
Major League Baseball is free to change its relationship with the Minor League Baseball clubs its franchises are affiliated with whenever it sees fit to do so. Minor League franchises that lose their status as an affiliate to a Major League Baseball franchise could continue to operate as independent clubs.
Minor League Baseball clubs; their fans, players, staff, and the communities they exist in; relevant congressional committees; and the GAO.
Cost of H.R. 6020
The CBO estimates that enacting this bill would cost less than $500,000.
In-Depth: Rep. Lori Trahan (D-MA), whose district is home to the Lowell Spinners ballclub that’s on the MLB’s cut list, introduced this bill along with her fellow co-chairs of the Save Minor League Baseball Task Force to require the GAO to produce a report on Minor League Baseball’s contributions to the economic, cultural, and historic contributions to American life:
“Congress has long been a partner to Major League Baseball in protecting and expanding America’s favorite pastime. We deserve to have our voices heard in any conversation regarding Minor League Baseball with such potentially devastating consequences for the communities we represent. H.R. 6020 makes our position clear, and I am grateful to my fellow co-chairs and colleagues for their support of this effort.”
Rep. David McKinley (R-WV), whose district is home to the West Virginia Power ballclub that’s on the MLB’s cut list, added:
“Minor League Baseball teams have had a major impact on small communities. These teams provide an enormous cultural and economic benefit to these communities they call home. The goal of our involvement in this fight is to ensure a level playing field in the negotiations, we are hopeful the MLB and MiLB can find a compromise that will preserve Minor League Baseball in these 42 communities.”
Rep. Max Rose (D-NY), whose district is home to the Staten Island Yankees ballclub that’s on the MLB’s cut list, said:
“Minor League Baseball’s impact goes far beyond the scoreboard. There’s a reason this game is called America’s pastime, and before anyone takes action that could threaten baseball’s role in our communities, Congress should have a say in the process. I’m proud to see so much continued support for our efforts to protect teams like the Staten Island Yankees.”
Rep. Mike Simpson (R-ID), whose district is home to the Idaho Falls Chukars ballclub that’s on the MLB’s cut list, stated:
“Baseball has a major economic and social impact in communities such as my hometown of Idaho Falls. Idahoans have given their local tax dollars in support of the Chukars in addition to their summer evenings spent at the ball park. This is a story that exists all across our country and it is worth preserving.”
At its 2019 winter meetings, Major League Baseball unveiled a plan to consolidate the minor leagues and reduce the number of Minor League Baseball it has to pay. It proposed cutting the affiliation of 42 Minor League Baseball clubs after the 2020 season, mostly from the lower-tier Rookie and Short-Season A leagues which have lesser attendance figures & facilities relative to their peers. Major League Baseball’s Deputy Commissioner Dan Haslem told Baseball America:
“From the perspective of MLB clubs, our principal goals are upgrading the minor league facilities that we believe have inadequate standards for potential MLB players, improving the working conditions for MiLB players, including their compensation, improving transportation and hotel accommodations, providing better geographic affiliations between major league clubs and their affiliates, as well as better geographic lineups of leagues to reduce player travel.”
Jeff Lantz, senior director of communications for Minor League Baseball, explained to SBNation that MiLB is pushing to keep the current minor league structure and that the loss of MiLB status would likely be the end of professional baseball in those communities:
“Our goal is to keep baseball in the 160 minor league markets that we currently have. We want to do what we can to continue to grow baseball. A lot of kids might be losing baseball. The real negative here is the future of the game has been put in jeopardy a little bit… The independent league model as you’ve seen in a lot of cities that have shut down ballparks, whether it’s Camden, Nashua or some of these bigger markets. If the independent model doesn’t work there, it’s hard to imagine the independent model working in markets the size of the Appalachian League towns or the New York-Penn League towns. It works in Sugarland, Texas, and it works in St. Paul, Minnesota, but it’s really, really hard to have a sustainable business model with an independent team.”
Of Note: In 2018, Congress passed an omnibus spending bill that included the Save America’s Pastime Act which guaranteed Minor League Baseball players a minimum wage, but only for a 40-hour work-week during the season regardless of the number of hours they devoted to baseball activities. The legislation protected Minor League Baseball clubs from facing an increase in costs from having to pay a minimum wage plus overtime that would’ve threatened their financial existence.
Minor League Baseball players are paid signing bonuses when they’re selected in baseball’s draft or recruited from overseas and sign their first contract, but after that their monthly salaries are relatively low. Based on what tier of the minor league farm system a player is at, their monthly pay could range from $1,150 to $2,700 per month during their season, plus additional money for travel, though if a player makes the parent club’s 40-man roster their pay increases further.
To help out their ballplayers, minor league clubs can arrange reduced-cost housing for them with host families, while Major League clubs will often pay for some of the education costs their minor league players incur in the offseason if they take courses at a college or university.
Baseball America (Context - Cut List)
Baseball America (Context)
Summary by Eric Revell(Photo Credit: Ghentmills via Wikipedia / Public Domain)
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