The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India granted license to Jubiliant Oil and Gas Private Limited, based in Noida, a Multinational Oil Company in 2009 for exploration and drilling works . Under the Eighth round of New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP-VIII), the Government of India have signed one production sharing contract on 19th July 2010 at New Delhi for onland oil block in Manipur, codenamed (AA-ONN-2009/1) with the Jubilant Oil & Gas Pvt Limited . The total area granted for oil exploration is 3850 Square Kilometres, which is almost one sixth of total geographical area of Manipur.
It is unfortunate that the Government without informing the people had already facilitated to undertake extensive surveys for oil exploration in Tamenglong, Jiribam and Churachandpur Districts, where the Zeliangrong, Meitei, Hmar and Kuki people resides.
The people of Manipur are not informed officially till now that oil is found in Manipur and that contract has been offered to foreign companies for exploration. Rather, innocent villagers of Tamenglong, Churachandpur and Imphal East Districts, who had no technical knowledge of the problems and impacts of oil drilling are duped to sign agreement for surveys by Alpha Geo company without informing them properly the intent, purpose and objectives and also impacts of the surveys to be undertaken. This is a clear violation of the right to free, prior and informed consent of communities under International Law, such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous peoples, 2007, where every details and information of the project needs to be provided to the communities before any decision on survey and studies are conducted.
Notwithstanding the absence of free prior and informed consent, there has been no proper environmental impact assessment nor social impact assessment due to exploration and drilling in Manipur. It is known all over the world that oil spills during testing, actual drilling, accidents and bursting of pipelines has led to severe contamination of water bodies and rivers, Barak River, Irang River, Makru River and tributaries of Barak River will be the first to be impacted by such petroleum exploration and drilling related pollutions and contaminations.
Neither there has been any assessment of the impact due to influx of immigrants as oil exploration related exploration and drilling work and increase militarization, which would further aggravate human rights violations, including violence against women. The Coalition on Environment and Natural Resources (CENRs) therefore urges all to help ensure that the indigenous peoples' rights in the area of oil exploration are respected and proper steps taken up to safeguard their lands and resources.
This petition closed over 1 year ago
This petition will ensure justice to both the indigenous peoples of Manipur affected by oil exploration, drilling and extraction. It will also help to ensure justice and sustainability to the environment.