Challenging militarized Security; Abolition of War
AWARE THAT the global military expenditure is equal
to 700 years of the UN regular budget or almost 3,000 years of the new UN women’s agency, UN Women THAT true security is NOT "human security" (Iraq 1991),"humanitarian intervention" (Kosovo, 1999), "self defense" (Afghanistan, 2001-),"Pre-emptive-preventive"(Iraq, 2003)", "Responsibility to Protect" (Haiti, 2004, Libya, 2011) or "will to intervene" (Mali, 2013)
BUT common security.
Common security was a concept initiated by Olof Palme, a former president of Sweden, and has been extended to embody the following objectives
· to achieve a state of peace, and disarmament; through reallocation of military expenses and delegitimization of war
· to create a global structure that respects the rule of law and the International Court of Justice;
· to enable socially equitable and environmentally sound employment, and ensure the right to development and social justice;
· to promote and fully guarantee respect for human rights including labour rights, women’s rights (including SC Res. 1325), civil and political rights, indigenous rights, social and cultural rights – right to food, housing, safe drinking water and sewage, education, and to universally accessible not-for-profit health care system;
· to ensure the preservation and protection of the environment, the respect for the inherent worth of nature beyond human purpose, reduction of the ecological footprint e move away from the current model of unsustainable and excessive overconsumption furthering the cult of war;
· to end violence against women that is a result of and tool of war.
Common security through the adherence to the rule of international law will lead to the fulfillment, under Security Council 1325 – of the important role of women, to prevent war.
RECOMMENDATIONS AND POSSIBILITIES
WE CALL FOR the years of international rhetoric on moving to a culture of peace to be translated into action by the international system, including the Commission on the Status of Women ;
WE CALL FOR the delegitimization of war. Given the social, economic, ecological, health and psychological consequences of war, under no circumstance or condition is war legal or just;
WE CALL FOR all states to reduce their military budgets by at least 50% to stem the 1.7 trillion dollars global annual military budget and to reallocate the savings to the promotion of true global security, common security and to institute a fair and just transition for those affected by the reduction.
WE CALL UPON all governments to help prevent war by invoking the UN charter’s chapter VI - the peaceful resolution of disputes;
WE CALL FOR the United Nations to promote common security and call upon the member states to sign and ratify international covenants and conventions which embody obligations and commitments related to common security;
WE CALL FOR allStates to reform their domestic laws and judicial procedures so they provide effective and meaningful protections for the rights of indigenous women within their jurisdictions, and to take steps, immediately, to ensure elimination of the direct and indirect impacts that militarization and development and utilization of nuclear processes/ byproducts have on indigenous people, particularly indigenous women and girls*, using the transfer of capital money no longer being used to fund war. *Note., who are the most severely impacted, as a result of various States intentionally identifying and locating industries related to militarization, nuclear facilities and related waste disposal sites on their legally protected homelands;
WE CALL UPON the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to calculate the contribution of militarism to greenhouse gas emissions;
WE CALL FOR the conversion, to peaceful purposes, of military bases, including those on foreign soil. and for the institution of the fair and just transition for those affected by the conversion
For many years the member states of the United Nations incurred
obligations and made commitments to reallocate military expenses and to embrace
AWARE THAT the States Members of the United Nations in 1969 called for:
The achievement of general and complete disarmament and the
channeling of the progressively released resources to be used for economic and social progress for the welfare of people everywhere and in particular for thebenefit of developing countries (article 27 (a)_ XX1V of 11 December 1969
Declaration on Social Welfare, Progress and Development)
AWARE AS WELLthat the States Members of the United Nations in 1975 made a commitment that “Scientific Technological Progress should be in the Interests of Peace and for the Benefit of humanity.”
RECALLINGTHAT the States Members of the United Nations In1996 affirmed:
"The waste and misuse of resources in war and armaments
should be prevented. All countries should make a firm commitment to promote general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control, in particular in the field of nuclear disarmament. Part of the resources thus released should be utilized so as to achieve a better quality of life for humanity and particularly the peoples of developing countries." (II, 12 Habitat 1).
COGNIZANT THAT the States Members of the United Nations solemnly proclaimed
“The peoples of our planet have a sacred right to peace.” (1.
Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace approved by General Assembly
resolution 39/11 of 12 November 1984)
RECALLING THAT the States Members of the United Nations in 1984 affirmed:
their determination to make further collective efforts aimed at
strengthening peace and international security and eliminating the threat of
war, and agreed that in order to facilitate the process of disarmament, it was
necessary to take measures and pursue policies to strengthen international
peace and security and to build confidence among states. (Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace approved by General Assembly resolution 39/11 of 12 November 1984)
AWARE THAT the States Members of the United Nations in 1985 affirmed:
the first special session devoted to disarmament encompassing all
measures thought to be advisable in order to ensure that the goal of general
and complete disarmament under effective international control is realized.
This document describes a comprehensive programme of disarmament, including nuclear disarmament; which is important not only for peace but also for the promotion of the economic and social development of all, particularly in the developing countries, through the constructive use of the enormous amount of material and human resources otherwise expended on the arms race. (Para. 13, The Nairobi Forward Looking Strategy, 1985)
RECALLING THAT the Member States of the United Nations in 1985 at Nairobi stated that
safeguarding world peace and averting a nuclear catastrophe is one of the most important tasks today in which women have an essential role to play, especially by supporting actively the halting of the arms race followed by arms reduction and the attainment of a general and complete disarmament under effective international control... (Para. 25 Nairobi Forward Looking strategies for the Advancement of Women, 1985)
NOTING THAT the Members of States the United Nations in 1986 reaffirmed that: there is a close relationship between disarmament and development
and that progress in the field of disarmament would considerably promote
progress in the field of development and that resources released through
disarmament measures should be devoted to the economic and social development and well-being of all peoples and, in particular, those of the developing countries. (Declaration on the Right to Development, General Assembly resolution 41/128 of 4 December 1986)
NOTING THAT the States Members of the United Nations, In 1992, made a commitment "to reallocate resources presently committed to military
purposes" (Agenda 21, 33.16) UNCED)
REMINDED THAT States Members of the United Nations in 1995 made a commitment
to …work actively towards general and complete disarmament under
strict and effective international control… (143(f) (i) Beijing Platform) and
support negotiations and conclusions, without delay, of a universal and
multilateral and effectively verifiable comprehensive nuclear-test ban
treaty…nuclear disarmament and the prevention of the proliferation of nuclear
weapons in all its aspects. (143 (f) (ii),Beijing Platform)
REMINDED ALSO THAT States Members of the United Nations made a commitment
to take positive steps to ensure peace for the advancement of
women and, recognizing the leading role that women have played in the
peace movement (Art. 28 Beijing Platform) and “to prevent and eliminate all
forms of violence against women and girls.” (Art. 29 Beijing Platform). And the
important role, for women under UNSC1325, to prevent war.
AWARE THAT States Members of the United Nations made a commitment
to consult and cooperate in good faith with the indigenous peoples concerned
through their own representative institutions in order to obtain their free,
prior and informed consent before adopting and implementing legislative or
administrative measures that may affect them. (Article 19 Declaration
on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 2007)
The UN Commission on the Status of Women took place in New York from March 4 to15, 2013. The Canadian Voice of Women fo Peace prepared this Petition to submit with signatures during the conference. The Petition was given to the UN Chair of the Commission on the Status of Women.from The Petition will, however, still continue and be circulated and submitted elsewhere at the United Nations.